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侦探的研究3--福尔摩斯冒险史研究(英文)
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侦探的研究3--福尔摩斯冒险史研究

A Scandal in Bohemia 波希米亚丑闻

人物

THE KING OF BOHEMIA aka COUNT VON KRAMM
IRENE ADLER, The Woman
GODFREY NORTON, a prominent young attorney, engaged to Miss Adler.
MRS. TURNER, Holmes' landlady
MARY JANE, Watson's servant girl.

提及案件

1. His summons to Odessa in the Trepoff murder.
2. The singular tragedy of the Atkinson brothers at Tricomalee.
3. A mission he had accomplished so delicately for the reigning family of Holland.
4. A Study in Scarlet.
5. The Darlington substitution scandal.
6. The Arnsworth castle business.

伪装(福尔摩斯)

1. A drunken looking groom.
2. An amiable simple-minded non-conformist clergyman.

资料和推理

Holmes stages a mob scene and fire to get Irene to betray the photo's hiding place.

This is one of the favorite stories among Sherlockians -- even though Holmes was outwitted -- and at Sherlockian meetings the first toast is always to "The Woman."

引语:

"The woman." (Holmes)

"You see but you do not observe." (Holmes).

"It is a capital mistake to theorize before one has data." (Holmes)

"Goodnight Mister Sherlock Holmes." (Irene)

"What a queen she would have made!" (King).

缩写字母:SCAN

A Scandal in Bohemia was first published in the Strand Magazine, July 1891



The Red-Headed League红发会
人物

JABEZ WILSON, a pawnbroker with flaming red hair.
JOHN CLAY aka VINCENT SPAULDING, murderer, thief, smasher, and forger. A brilliant criminal, he has attended Eaton and Oxford and his grandfather was a Royal Duke.
DUNCAN ROSS aka WILLIAM MORRIS, confederate of Clay and director (?) of the Red-headed League.
EZEKIAH HOPKINS, fictional millionaire created by Clay who supposedly founded the Red-headed League.
PETER JONES, official police agent.
MR. MERRIWEATHER, bank official.


提及案件

1. "The case of Mary Sutherland." (A Case of Identity)
2. "The business of the Sholto murder and the Agra treasure." (Sign of the Four).

伪装(福尔摩斯)

None.

资料和推理

1. Holmes has contributed to the literature of tattoos.

2. Spaulding develops pictures in Wilson's basement. Actually he is checking on the tunnel.

3. After the plans are laid, Holmes and Watson attend a concert by Sarasate at St. James Hall.

4. This is one of the most famous and most frequently anthologized of the Holmes stories.

缩写字母:REDH

The Red-Headed League was first published in the Strand Magazine, August 1891



A Case of Identity身分案

人物

MARY SUTHERLAND, a wronged woman who comes to seek Holmes counsel.
MRS. WINDIBANK, mother of Mary
JAMES WINDIBANK, a traveler in wines. Stepfather of Mary. He is 15 years younger than his wife and 5 years older than Mary.
HOSMER ANGEL, betrothed of Mary
BOY IN BUTTONS, a sort of pageboy.
MR. HARDY, foreman to Mr. Sutherland who continued to manage the business after Mr. Sutherland's death until Mr. Windibank persuaded his wife to sell it.
MRS. ETHERIDGE, referred Mary to Holmes.
WESTHOUSE & MARBANK, claret importers who employ James.


提及案件

1. The Sign of the Four.
2. A Study in Scarlet.
3. Anover in '77 - a parallel case.
4. The Hague - last year - a second parallel case.
5. The Irene Adler papers, for which the King of Bohemia gave Holmes a magnificent snuff box.
6. The matter of the reigning house of Holland, for which Holmes received a large diamond ring. The matter was too delicate to be confided to Watson.
7. An intricate matter referred from Marseilles.
8. Mrs. Etheredge. Holmes found her husband after he was thought to be dead. She referred Mary to Holmes.

伪装(福尔摩斯)

None

资料和推理

"Do you find it hard to do so much typewriting because of your nearsightedness?"

Holmes proves that all the letters were typed on the same machine.

Watson attempts to solve the case and Holmes tells him, "You have missed everything of importance."

While waiting for a reply to his letters, Holmes distracts his mind from the case with a chemical analysis.

Holmes discourses on the individuality of typewriters.

缩写字母:IDEN

A Case Of Identity was first published in the Strand Magazine, September 1891



The Boscombe Valley Mystery博斯科姆比溪谷秘案
人物

JOHN TURNER, wealthy landowner in Boscombe valley. Made his money in Australia.
ALICE TURNER, his 18 year old daughter.
CHARLES McCARTHEY, the murder victim. A tenant farmer on Turner's best farm. Knew Turner in Australia.
JAMES McCARTHEY, his son. In jail and accused of the murder.
WILLIAM CROWDER, a gamekeeper. Saw the two McCartheys pass within a few minutes of each other just before the murder
PATIENCE MORAN, 14 year old daughter of the lodgekeeper. She saw the two McCarthey's arguing just before the murder.
OLD WOMAN, no name given. Also saw the two McCartheys pass within a few minutes of each other.
LESTRADE, hired in a private capacity by Alice Turner in the hope that he could clear James of the charges.
DR. WILLOWS, attending John Turner for his diabetes.
BARMAID, of Bristol. Secretly married (?) to James McCarthey.

提及案件

None

伪装(福尔摩斯)

None

资料和推理

Holmes refers to his "Monograph on 140 types of pipe, cigar and cigarette tobacco."

Holmes reads Petrarch on the train. Petrarch was an Italian poet famous for his love lyrics.

缩写字母:BOSC

The Boscombe Valley Mystery was first published in the Strand Magazine, October 1891



The Five Orange Pips五个桔核
人物

John Openshaw - consulted Holmes.
Elias Openshaw - uncle of John
Joseph Openshaw - father of John
Major Pendergrast - referred John to Holmes
Major Freebody - friend of Joseph - Joseph was visiting him when he was killed.
Captain James Calhoun - captain of the bark Lonestar and leader of the gang of murderers
2 Mates of the Lonestar - accomplices of Calhoun

提及案件

1. The adventure of the Paradol Chamber.
2. The Amateur mendicant society
3. The loss of the British bark Sophie Anderson.
4. The adventures of the Grice Pattersons on the island of Uffa.
5. The Camberwell poisoning case.
6. The Sign of the Four.
7. A Study in Scarlet -- while not mentioned by name, the list of Holmes knowledge of various topics which Watson made is discussed.
8. The Tankerville Club scandal.

伪装(福尔摩斯)

None.

资料和推理

In the Camberwell poisoning case, Holmes rewound the dead man's watch and deduced that he had retired two hours before.

Watson is reading one of Clark Russell's sea stories.

Watson is married and in practice but his wife is away on a visit so he is staying with Holmes.

"I have been beaten four times - three times by men and once by a woman."

缩写字母:FIVE

The Five Orange Pips was first published in the Strand Magazine, November 1891



The Man with the Twisted Lip歪唇男人
人物

ELIAS WHITNEY, D.D., principle of the theological college, St. George.
ISA WHITNEY, his brother. Addicted to opium.
KATE WHITNEY, Isa's wife. College friend of Mrs. Watson.
NEVILLE ST. CLAIR, the man with the twisted lip.
HUGH BOONE, alias of Neville
MRS. ST. CLAIR, Neville's wife.
A LASKAR, confidant of St. Clair/Boone.
INSPECTOR BARTON, in charge of the investigation.
INSPECTOR BRADSTREET, showed Holmes to Boone's cell and helped wash his face.
JOHN, a groom who held Holmes' horses.

提及案件

None.

伪装(福尔摩斯)

1. Holmes is disguised as an elderly opium addict.

2. St. Clair is disguised as the man with the twisted lip, Hugh Boone. This disguise is the crux of the story.

资料和推理

1. Watson's wife refers to him as "James." Sherlockians have deduced that in the name, "John H. Watson," the "H" stands for "Hamish," the Gaelic form of James.

2. Holmes states that though he has often posed as an opium addict, he does not use it as he does cocaine.

3. In a rare departure, Holmes is staying at the St. Clair's home while he conducts the investigation. Mrs. St. Clair comes to the door in her nightie. He also knew where the stable boy slept. Could a little hanky-panky have been going on between Holmes and the distraught spouse? We'll never know.

4. This is one of my personal favorites in the canon.

缩写字母:TWIS

The Man With The Twisted Lip was first published in the Strand Magazine, December 1891



The Blue Carbuncle蓝宝石案
人物

PETERSON, a commissionaire
HENRY BAKER, frequenter of the Alpha Inn, who lost his hat and goose.
COUNTESS OF MORCAR, from whom the blue carbuncle was stolen while she was staying at the Hotel Cosmopolitan
JOHN HOMER, a plumber, now an honest tradesman but with a past conviction for stealing. Accused of stealing the carbuncle.
JAMES RYDER, a senior attendant at the Cosmopolitan Hotel.
CATHERINE CUSACK, maid of the countess and friend of Ryder.
INSPECTOR BRADSTREET of the yard who arrested Homer.
WINDIGATE, proprietor of the Alpha Inn.
BRECKENRIDGE, a poultry dealer with a shop in Covent Garden. He sold the goose to Windigate.
MRS. OAKSHOT, sister of Ryder. She fattened geese and sold them to Breckenridge.
JOHN ROBINSON, an alias used by Ryder in a futile attempt to deceive Holmes.

提及案件

1. The attempt to recover the Irene Adler papers.
2. The singular case of Mary Sutherland
3. The Man with the Twisted Lip.

伪装(福尔摩斯)

None

UNUSUAL DEDUCTIONS

Holmes deduces a man's entire character by examining his hat.

缩写字母:BLUE

The Adventure Of The Blue Carbuncle was first published in the Strand Magazine, January 1892



The Speckled Band斑点带子案
人物

DR. GRIMESBY ROYLOTT of Stoke Moran.
HELEN STONER, step daughter of Dr. Roylott who consulted Holmes.
JULIA STONER, deceased twin of Helen.
MRS. FARINTOSH, recommended Holmes to Helen.
MAJOR GENERAL STONER of the Bengal artillery. Helen and Julias' father.
HONORIA WESTPHAIL, maternal aunt to the Stoner twins.
PERCY ARMITAGE, betrothed of Helen.
A SWAMP ADDER "The deadliest snake in India." The murderer.

提及案件

1. Holmes had assisted Mrs. Farintosh with an affair concerning an opal tiara.

2. Palmer and Pritchard - two doctors gone bad. "When a doctor goes wrong, he is the first of criminals. He has the nerve and he has knowledge."

伪装(福尔摩斯)

None

资料和推理

1. Holmes deduces that Helen rode in a dog cart and then by train to get to Baker street.

2. Roylott allowed gypsies to camp on his land and sometimes traveled with them. Holmes thinks at first that "band" referred to a band of gypsies. He cautions Watson about reasoning with insufficient data.

3. At the village of Stoke Moran, Holmes and Watson stayed at the CROWN INN. This is also where Helen engaged a dog cart to begin her journey to consult Holmes.

4. When Holmes and Watson are preparing to go to Stoke Moran, their luggage consists of their tooth brushes and an Eley's #2 revolver.

5. There is no such snake as a swamp adder, and certainly not in India. No known snake drinks milk and it is almost impossible to train one to respond to a whistle.

6. This is one of the most popular and frequently anthologized of the stories.

缩写字母:SPEC

The Adventure Of The Speckled Band was first published in the Strand Magazine, February 1892



The Engineer's Thumb工程师大拇指案
人物

VICTOR HATHERLY, a hydraulic engineer of Victoria St.
RAILWAY GUARD, patient of Watson who brought the engineer to him.
COLONEL LYSANDER STARK aka FRITZ, counterfeiter and attempted murderer.
DR. BECHER aka MR. FERGUSON, accomplice of Stark who owned the mansion where the press was located.
ELSIE, countrywoman of Stark
JEREMIAH HAYLING, another hydraulic engineer who had disappeared one year before without a trace.
INSPECTOR BRADSTREET, of the yard who accompanied Holmes et al to Eyford in Berkshire.
PLAINCLOTHESMAN, assistant to Bradstreet.
VENNER & MATHESON, firm to which Hatherly had been apprenticed.

提及案件

Colonel Warburton's madness (the only other case that Watson ever took to Holmes)

伪装(福尔摩斯)

None

资料和推理

Stark tells Hatherly that the house is 12 miles from Eyford but Holmes deduces that they rode six miles out and six back and that the house is very near the station.

缩写字母:ENGR

The Adventure Of The Engineer's Thumb was first published in the Strand Magazine, March 1892



The Noble Bachelor贵族单身汉案
人物

LORD ROBERT ST. SIMON, the noble bachelor
HATTIE DORAN, who married the noble bachelor
ALOYSIUS DORAN, Hattie's father. A gold mining millionaire.
LORD BACKWATER, who recommended Holmes to St. Simon
FLORA MILLAR, a danseuse who had an affair with St. Simon before his marriage.
ALICE, a long-time maid and confidant of Hattie.
FRANCIS HAY MOULTON, husband of Hattie - long presumed dead.
LESTRADE
PAGE BOY, in Holmes' employ (no name given)

提及案件

The problem of the Grosvenor square furniture van.

伪装(福尔摩斯)

None

资料和推理

1. Watson speaks of his old wound from a Jezail bullet, but does not specify an extremity.
2. Holmes' morning letters were from a fish-monger and a tide-waiter (custom house clerk).
3. Holmes confides to Simon that he once represented the king of Scandinavia in a similar case and immediately after discussing the problem says that he has solved it.

缩写字母:NOBL

The Adventure Of The Noble Bachelor was first published in the Strand Magazine, April 1892



The Beryl Coronet绿玉皇冠案
人物

ALEXANDER HOLDER, prominent banker
MARY HOLDER, niece and adopted daughter of Alexander.
ARTHUR HOLDER, son of Alexander and a gambler
ANONYMOUS NOBLEMAN, leaves the coronet, a national treasure, with the banker as security for a loan.
SIR GEORGE BURNWELL, friend of Arthur, secret suitor of Mary. "one of the most dangerous men in England." The thief.
LUCY PAAR, maid in the Holder house.
FRANCIS PROSPER, a green-grocer, suitor of Lucy

提及案件

none

伪装(福尔摩斯)

Common loafer.

UNUSUAL DEDUCTIONS AND BITS

none

缩写字母:BERY

The Adventure Of The Beryl Coronet was first published in the Strand Magazine, May 1892



The Copper Beeches铜山毛榉案
人物

VIOLET HUNTER, a governess who consults Holmes
JEPHRO RUCASTLE, hired Violet
MRS. RUCASTLE, second wife of Mr. Ruecastle
EDWARD RUCASTLE, young son of Mr. and Mrs. Ruecastle whom Violet is to govern. A spoiled, ill-natured lad whose chief amusement is torturing small animals. His father finds this behavior quaint.
ALICE RUCASTLE, son of Mr. Ruecastle by his first wife. Alice has an inheritance from her mother which is independent of her father.
MR. TOLLER, groom for the Ruecastles. A heavy drinker.
MRS. TOLLER, his wife.
MR. FOWLER, a seaman. Beloved of Alice
CARLO, a vicious mastiff
MRS. STOPER, runs an employment agency for governesses.
WESTWAYS, the agency run by Mrs. Stoper.
COL. SPENCE MUNRO, Violet worked for him until he was transferred to Halifax
LORD SOUTHERTON, owns the land adjacent to Copper Beeches.

提及案件

King of Bohemia
Mary Sutherland
The Man with the Twisted Lip
The Noble Bachelor
The Blue Carbuncle

伪装(福尔摩斯)

None

BRILLIANT DEDUCTIONS AND OTHER BITS

Holmes formed seven possible explanations for the Rucastles' behavior.

缩写字母:COPP

The Adventure Of The Copper Beeches was first published in the Strand Magazine, June 1892
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